When a child is dyslexic, today’s society tends to consider him as having a disability. These children certainly have difficulty reading, writing or understanding certain instructions, but more and more studies show that dyslexia is not a handicap, quite the contrary… A new study carried out by researchers from the University of Cambridge demonstrates that dyslexic people have, contrary to what one thinks, increased capacities and in particular in the fields of art, science, inventions or creativity… The researchers also affirm that dyslexic people are essential to help others adapt to changing environments. Decryption.
How do we perceive dyslexia?
According to Dr. Helen Taylor, responsible for this study, we conceive of dyslexia as a learning disability, but in fact, this dyslexia would be a vital tool for humanity to adapt to change… For the director of the study, we must change our view of dyslexia, because these people would in fact be the key to human adaptation. In the United States, dyslexia is a neurological disorder caused by a different “wiring” of the brain; in the UK it is a common learning difficulty which mainly causes problems with reading, writing and spelling, and in France it is a disorder of the ability to read, or difficulty in recognizing and to reproduce written language. Troubles, difficulties… This difference affects 20% of the world’s population and could be hereditary.
What does this new study say?
Researchers say dyslexia should no longer be considered a disorder, or a disability. In their various studies, they indeed found that dyslexics had in fact increased capacity in certain areas. Helen Taylor declares: “We urgently need to start encouraging this way of thinking to allow humanity to continue to adapt and solve the major problems.” For researchers, dyslexics, whose brain works differently from a non-dyslexic, are more “curious” people, and explore in the smallest details the areas they love… They would be more inventive, capable of having a more global vision of a subject and to reflect on the longer term on innovations for example. Researchers link dyslexia to the evolution of humans over hundreds of thousands of years, during which humans – and their brains – had to adapt to constant change rather than a fixed environment.
Towards a redefinition of dyslexia?
Researchers believe that dyslexia should no longer be seen as a weakness, but as a real strength. They also claim that the strengths of dyslexics can help employers navigate the changing world of work. People with dyslexia who may display outstanding performance in certain areas : cognitive abilities, systemic skills, but also in terms of complex problem solving, process and technical skills, etc.
For example, professional astrophysicists, with or without dyslexia, were tested on their ability to spot a particular feature of a black hole. According to the results, dyslexic astrophysicists were better at distinguishing black holes from noise than others… And History is there to prove that dyslexics are often creative, even more intelligent than the average person: Leonardo da Vinci, Albert Einstein, Pablo Picasso, Spielberg or John Lennon were all dyslexic… And each in his field, they have indeed changed the world or the vision that one could have of it before their works!
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